Testicular Cancer

What is Testicular Cancer?

Testicular cancer begins in the cells of a testicle. Men between the ages of 15 and 49 are at an increased risk of developing testicular cancer, though it is quite rare.

Treatment for testicular cancer is often successful, especially if the cancer has been detected early. 

Warning Signs

  • Swelling of one or both testicles
  • Heavy feeling in scrotum
  • Discomfort and/or aching pain in groin or lower abdomen
  • Change in shape, size, consistency or tenderness in one or both testicles 
  • Hard, painless pea-size lump on either testicle that does not move with the skin
  • Tenderness and/or enlarged chest (around the nipples)

If you notice any of the above signs, see your health care provider immediately and get it checked out!

How to do a Monthly Testicular Self-Exam

How to check for testicular cancer

It only takes a couple of minutes to check things out! 

  1. Have a warm bath or shower first (it relaxes the scrotum)
  2. Hold your scrotum with one hand and take one testicle and roll it gently between your thumb and fingers
  3. Check your epididymis (it should feel soft and slightly tender when pressed)
  4. Check for any changes in tenderness, size, shape and consistency
  5. Repeat with other testicle 

If you notice anything unusual, go to your doctor or health care provider immediately and get it checked out 

You may at be greater risk if you: 

  • Are between the ages of 15 and 35
  • Have a family history of testicular cancer (especially if your father has/had testicular cancer)
  • Are a white male (Caucasian)
  • Had a testicle that did not drop as an infant